Early Settlement of
Widespread settlement of Sicily began after about 1500 BC with immigration
of Sicani from North Africa. Their first settlements were in the southeast
part of the island, east of the Gela River. The Sicani were soon followed
by Siculi, who came across the Strait of Messina from the Italian mainland.
Despite the difference in the immediate geographical origins of the
two tribal groups, both are deemed to fall within the broad Libyco-Iberian
category. From them the modern name of Sicily is derived.
arrival of the Siculis, and their settlement along the island's eastern
and southeastern coast, pushed the Sicani settlements further inland
and toward the north and northwest of the island.
In the same general period a third tribal group, the Elymni, began settlement
at the western end of Sicily, with towns at Erice and Segesta.
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1999 C. I. Gable